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Coat of Arms
Location of the Rumelian Republic (green) on the European continent (grey)
|Motto||Съединението прави силата (Unity Makes Strength)|
|Other cities||full list|
|Established||1362 (as a province of the Ottoman Empire)|
|Independence||2021 (from Serbia)|
|Time zone||EET, EEST (UTC+2, UTC+3)|
|Internet TLD||.rum, .рум|
|Regional languages||Romani, Serbian|
|Other languages||Greek, Turkish|
|Main ethnic groups||Bulgarians|
|Other ethnic groups||Serbs, Turks, Greeks, Romani|
|Main religion(s)||Eastern Orthodoxy (92%)|
|Other religions||Sunni Islam (4%), 4% other|
Rumelian Republic (Bulgarian: Румелската Република), sometimes called simply Rumelia (Bulgarian: Румелия), is a country in Southeast Europe. It borders Bulgaria to the north, Serbia to the west, Greece to the south and the Black Sea to the east. Rumelian Republic proclaimed independence from Serbia in 2021 after the rebellion in that region.
- Main article: History of the Rumelian Republic (Three World Orders)
Serbian occupation and independenceEdit
After Serbia occupied Bulgaria during the Central War, lots of nationalist and separatist movements appeared on that territory, including the Democracy Movement, the ruling party in the Rumelian Republic. They fought for rights of Bulgarians on that territory. After many incidents in the area, Serbian government formed the Bulgarian Autonomous Oblast. The idea was very popular among the Bulgarian majority in the area, since the Autonomous Oblasts had the right of an independence referendum financed from the budget of the oblast. For the referendum to happen, the oblast itself had to collect money for the organization of it. Local authorities eventually collected enough money in 2021 and organized a referendum. But, there still was a problem. An independent Bulgarian nation was not very popular among the citizens of BAO that lived in the north. Also, Bulgarians lost lots of independence supporters in Sofia when that area was annexed by SAO Makedonija. That caused the fail at the referendum with 61% voting for the independence (out of 67% required for the independence to happen). After the failed referendum, the pro-independent parties organized series of mass protests in BAO. The Serbian police fought off the protesters in northern and western areas of the oblast, while the southern areas (including Plovdiv) were completely under the control of the rebels. Serbia eventually recognised the independence of the Rumelian Republic at the end of 2021.
- Main article: Politics of the Rumelian Republic (Three World Orders)
Rumelian Republic is a parliamentary democracy and a politically neutral country. The Parliament of the Rumelian Republic consists of 175 deputies, each elected for four-year terms by direct popular vote. The National Assembly has the power to enact laws, approve the budget, schedule presidential elections, select and dismiss the Prime Minister and other ministers, declare war, deploy troops abroad, and ratify international treaties and agreements. The president serves as the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. While unable to initiate legislation other than constitutional amendments, the President can return a bill for further debate, although the parliament can override the President's veto by vote of a simple majority of all MPs. Georgi Skerdevrov, leader of the centre-left party Democracy Movement, became president in 2021 after the independence.
The Bulgarian legal system recognizes the Acts of Parliament as a main source of law, and is a typical representative of the Romano-Germanic law family. The judiciary is a separate branch and is overseen by the Ministry of Justice, while the Supreme Administrative Court and Supreme Court of Cassation, the highest courts of appeal, rule on the application of laws in lower courts. The Supreme Judicial Council manages the system and appoints judges. Rumelian Republic's judiciary remains one of Europe's most corrupt and inefficient.
The government is currently a majority formed by the Democracy Movement, which holds 85 seats in parliament, Freedom Party of Bulgarians, which holds 12 seats in parliament, Liberal Party, which holds 10 seats in parliament, and the Democratic Party of People, which holds 5 seats in parliament. The opposition is formed by the National Freedom Front, which holds 43 seats, and the Radical Socialist Party, which holds 20 seats.
- Main article: Military of the Rumelian Republic (Three World Orders)
The active troops today number about 355,000, and are supplemented by a reserve force of 1,800,000 soldiers and officers and 100,000 paramilitary servicement. The inventory includes mostly equipment of Soviet origin, such as MiG-29 fighters, T-72 main battle tanks and SA-10 Grumble SAMs, and of NATO origin, such as HMMWV multi-purpose vehicles, M60A3 main battle tanks and Rafale fighter aircrafts.
According to the 2021 census, the Rumelian Republic numbered 14,112,641 inhabitants, with Bulgarians as the largest ethnic group. They represent around 89% of the total population (12,560,251). With around 2.4% of the total population, Serbs are the second largest ethnic group in the Rumelian Republic (338,703). The third ethnic group are the Greeks, with 2.1% (296,365), the fourth are Turks with 2% (282,253), and the fifth are Romani with 1.8% (254,028). Other ethnic groups include Romanians, Albanians, Armenians, Chinese, Georgians, Hungarians, Rusyns, Russians and Gorani.